classified balance sheet format

Its liabilities (specifically, the long-term debt account) will also increase by $4,000, balancing the two sides of the equation. If the company takes $8,000 from investors, its assets will increase by that amount, as will its shareholder equity. All revenues the company generates in excess of its expenses will go into the shareholder equity account. These revenues will be balanced on the assets side, appearing as cash, investments, inventory, or other assets.

  • Similarly, liabilities are also shown without making any classification.
  • Cash equivalents are those assets that are readily convertible into money.
  • Such accounts are opposite to their related accounts and thus have a different normal balance.
  • Non-current (long-term) liabilities are other liabilities that are not included into the current liabilities section.

This equation states the total of assets should equal the total of liabilities and equity. Therefore, the balance sheet presents those balances to show the requirement of the equation has been met. In this example, the classified balance sheet provides a clear and organized overview of TechWidget Inc.’s financial position as of December 31, 2023.


Either way, the classifications within these headings will remain the same. This is up-to management’s decision and discretion that how they want their balance should look like and how assets, equities and liabilities are to be presented in balance sheet. Management while deciding this, can seek help from GAAP and guidelines provided by International Accounting Standards. Current and Non-current are used for assets and liabilities to be shown in the Balance sheet. However, at the time of deciding contents’ presentation, management should focus on intended categories to be quite meaningful and reader/user friendly.

By categorizing assets and liabilities as current or non-current, it allows users to quickly assess the company’s liquidity, solvency, and overall financial health. A classified balance sheet arranges the amounts from a company’s balance sheet accounts into a format that is useful for the readers. For instance, the reader can easily calculate the company’s working capital since the classified balance sheet shows the total amount of the company’s current assets and the total amount of its current liabilities. A classified balance sheet is a balance sheet statement that categorizes line items by some predetermined criteria. The categorization of items is what makes it different from a traditional balance sheet. Most classified balance sheets categorize assets in order of liquidity.

Net Asset balance sheet format

The prepaid expense and accrued income not received within the particular accounting period are termed as current assets. Generally house rent, insurance premium, office supply, etc. are paid in advance. For example, some long-term debts (i.e. bank loans) are required to be paid in installments classified balance sheet quarterly or semiannually, and then, a balloon payment is made at the maturity date for the remaining balance. For example, if you pay an insurance premium for your business, the coverage you obtain is for a year. Thus, the benefits you will be getting from this asset are extended over a year.

  • Manage your business budget and track expenses with a free online database.
  • An unclassified balance sheet reports your assets and liabilities, but does not separate the items into classes.
  • Equities represents ownership interest in the business.
  • An example of such accounts is Accumulated Depreciation.

Equity, as noted above, is also the difference between assets and liabilities. The most common equity elements are capital (common stock), current year earnings, and retained earnings. Other non-current assets may include other long-term assets not included into the investments, fixed, or intangible assets categories.

Long-Term Investments

Note that when dividends are paid out, they reduce retaining earnings. Also note that retained earnings may be a negative amount in situations when the company is not profitable (i.e. more losses than net incomes). Term loans are loans that are to be paid on a certain date (i.e. maturity date). Again, if the payment date is not within one year after the balance sheet date, then the loan is presented under the non-current liabilities. Short-term loans are notes payable expected to be settled within one year after the balance sheet date.

  • Most classified balance sheets categorize assets in order of liquidity.
  • Without knowing which receivables a company is likely to actually receive, a company must make estimates and reflect their best guess as part of the balance sheet.
  • This information can be used by investors, creditors, and other interested parties to make informed decisions about whether to invest in or lend to the company.
  • It is a matter of preference, but normally balance sheets are presented vertically as shown in Illustration 2.
  • Whatever system of classification is used should be applied on a consistent basis, so that balance sheet information is comparable over multiple reporting periods.
  • Current liabilities include all debts that will become due in the current period.
  • Balance sheet liabilities, like assets have been categorized into Current Liabilities and Long-Term Liabilities.
  • The one major downside of high debt levels in the accompanying higher levels of financial leverage which could severely amplify a company’s losses during an economic downturn.
  • A company will be able to quickly assess whether it has borrowed too much money, whether the assets it owns are not liquid enough, or whether it has enough cash on hand to meet current demands.

Expressive manner here means categorizing these elements in meaningful sub-classes. Such categorizing really helps the reader in understanding different relations and factors of financial position. Throughout this series of financial statements, you can download the Excel template below for free to see how Bob’s Donut Shoppe uses financial statements to evaluate the performance of his business. There are no set criteria on how many sub-categories can be created and it will ultimately depend on what level of detail is required by the management.


Cash equivalents are those assets that are readily convertible into money. Such as treasury bills, short-term notes maturing within 90 days, deposit certificates, etc. Capital (common stock for corporations) represents the amounts contributed by owners to the business. Depending on the legal form of a business, capital can be named differently. Current portion of long-term debt represents the amount of long-term debt that will be paid within one year after the balance sheet date.

classified balance sheet format